Certificati Bianchi: Gas tecnici e materia prima in ingresso

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Efficienza energetica 2
di Nicoletta Gentile

Nella proposta di progetto e programma di misura relativa a un intervento di efficientamento in ambito industriale, è possibile rendicontare i risparmi energetici derivanti dal minor consumo di gas tecnici (N2, H2, O2..) necessari al processo produttivo? Si.

Nel caso in cui la produzione di questi fluidi avvenga presso lo stabilimento industriale oggetto dell’intervento di efficienza energetica, il minor consumo di gas tecnici comporterebbe una minore produzione degli stessi, e pertanto un risparmio di energia primaria misurabile e rendicontabile tramite il meccanismo dei titoli di efficienza energetica. No. Nel caso in cui questi gas non vengano prodotti all’interno dello stabilimento oggetto di efficientamento energetico bensì acquistati da un soggetto terzo, il mancato acquisto di gas tecnici non comporta necessariamente un risparmio di energia presso il produttore, che potrebbe continuare a produrre lo stesso quantitativo e immetterlo sul mercato. 

Pertanto non essendo tali risparmi ascrivibili all’utente finale e da esso misurabili, il Proponente non potrà inserire nell’algoritmo di rendicontazione dei risparmi ottenuti la voce relativa al minor consumo di questi fluidi.

 

Materie prime in ingresso

In merito a progetti di efficienza energetica che prevedono la sostituzione di una materia prima o di un additivo in ingresso al ciclo di produzione che comporta la riduzione dei consumi di energia primaria ritenuti ammissibili al meccanismo dei Certificati Bianchi, vengono individuate due casistiche principali:

• nel caso in cui l’intervento proposto sia esclusivamente costituito dalla mera sostituzione di una materia prima/additivo, senza alcuna modifica impiantistica e/o di lay-out di processo, non essendo chiaramente identificato tale intervento tra le categorie di intervento ammesse al meccanismo il GSE ha richiesto chiarimenti al Ministero dello Sviluppo Economico per l’ammissibilità;

• nel caso in cui la sostituzione di una materia prima/additivo, comporti la necessità di effettuare interventi sostanziali per permetterne l’impiego o nel caso in cui la materia prima impiegata venga prodotta in loco pertanto i consumi di energia per produrla vengono contabilizzati all’interno del bilancio energetico complessivo dello stabilimento nella condizione ex-ante ed ex-post si valuteranno gli effettivi risparmi complessivi conseguiti per l’ammissione degli interventi al meccanismo dei TEE.

fonte: Davide Valenzano, "I Certificati Bianchi: stato dell'arte", GSE, Roma, 11 giugno 2014

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