Construction of a CSP plant

Printer-friendly versionInvia a un amico
by Maurizio Orsini

The productive potential of a plant C.S.P. depends on the exploitable reflective surface of Horizontal Parabolic mirrors to produce steam, as approximately 4,377 m2 of mirrors can be installe per hectare of "Solar Field" and they concentrate on the "Receptor Tube" about 97% of kWh / m2 of the Site irradiance.


The plant is designed according to standards ANSI B31.1 & ASME VIII. As indicated in "P. & I (DWG-10-01), a" Typical unit of the plant "(UTI), is composed of four circuits which operate in parallel, and independently between them, each one composed of eight pairs of Receptor pipes modules. The plant is "modular" and is based on a typical element constituted by the assembly of four "horixontal parabolic mirrors " mounted in series that constitute the  typical construction "module" of the four circuits in parallel. The production of steam for the operation of generating sets of E / E is realized by "COMPONENTS BATH", which contains inside the four pumps for the circulation of heat transfer fluid and the heat exchanger for steam generation. 


The provided heat transfer fluid is "HOT OIL - WD-350", circulated by four submersible "Lewis" vertical pumps type, housed in the tank components. The instrumentation is able to control the not exceeding of the the maximum operating temperature of the fluid according to the radiance of the time: it does so by varying the flow rate of the four pumps. 


The Solar Field Typical is expected in an area of ​​200 m2 per plant unit. The eight rows of manifolds, (Receptor pipes), with a total length of 1,600 m, are supported on eight horizontal rows of parabolic mirrors for a total of 128 mirrors, and 8,755 M2 surface. The plant is provided to be divided into four parallel circuits with independent operation. For each circuit, solar irradiance is provided on 2,188 m2 of mirrors that concentrate 97% of the KW / h of solar radiation on the Receptor tube. Each line of mirrors will be composed of four modules. The connection between the receptor pipes of the Modules with absorption of the "delta L" is achieved through tight junctions with telescopic device. 


The procedure for automatic operation at the "start-up is as follows: The thermal sensor, basing on the level of solar radiation detected by the instrument, starts the day mode. The production of steam by sending water to the heat exchanger can begin only when the thermo-vector fluid in circulation will reach a temperature input of about 280 ° C. The control of the maximum temperature of the fluid is carried out automatically. Receptor pipes pour the fluid in the heat exchanger at the maximum temperature acquired in the path and this, exchanging with the BFW, produces high pressure steam, pouring the fluid at a residual temperature of approximately 150 ° C. The fluid is then aspirated from the circulation pumps and is returned into circulation through the receptor tubes for the recovery of the temperature disposed in the heat exchanger, repeating the cycle. Being the circuit of Receptor tubes completely devoid of valves, the system does not need the presence of operators and is activated by the movement of the fluid circulationpumps controlled by the control room. The outstanding performance of this system is due to the total quantity of pipes Receptors (1,600 m): These act as heat-conveying fluid carrier in the "fire" of Parabolic Concentrator mirrors, pocketing the thermal energy due to solar irradiation. Considering also that the receiver tube is supported by  mirrors with "vertical shelves" connected to the axis of rotation, about 1.80 meters tall, and therefore flexible, these are not empowered to absorb the axial forces generated by the reaction of metal compensators (bellows), and can not therefore be regarded as the "Fixed Points" required to discharge the  thrust generated by the reaction of metal bellows. The supports of Receptor pipes on the shelves of the mirrors are then suposed to be "SLIDES",which don't exert any axial thrust on the supports. 


The mechanical design of the supporting structure of the mirrors will be referred to the supplier of mirrors, which will be required to design the structure in respect of the earthquake and wind speed expected for metal structures by the rules in force in the plant site. The washing of the reflecting surface of the mirrors will be made according to the maintenance program, through the blade nozzles and a pressurized system of demi-water closed circuit timed, with recovery and treatment of the washing waters. 


The Solar Field will be paved to protect the land from possible pollution caused by leaking or broken pipes. 

An excavation will be made for the basement and the foundation of the "Hot Parts". 

Eight channels will also be build for drainage of mirror washing water, with relative drain tub, filtering and pumping of demi water for each circuit. 

160 stands will be built for the support of the mirrors.


(Site of 2 ha with radiation = 1.3 kW h / m2) 

Because of the variability of the intensity of solar radiation throughout the life period, the calculation is just an indication and is reported  to peak hours. 

The dimensional data of each circuit are: 

- Receptor tube 3 "-sch.10S (section = 54 cm2). 

- Concenrator mirrors = 2,188 m2 - concentration ratio = 98%. 

- Thermo-vector fluid = Heat transfer oil. Type WD-350 cal.spec. KJ / kg 2.88. 

- Circulation pump flow rate: variable from 5 to 20 NM3 / h (with VDF) 

The plant consists of 4 circuits with 128 parabolic mirrors for a total of 8,755 m2 of reflective surface that focus on 1,600 meters of Receptor pipes for about 98% of the radiation of 1.3 kwh/m2 picked equal to: 8.755 x 1 , 3 = 11,380 x .98 = 11,153 kWh. 

The total flow of heat transfer fluid is about 80,000 kg / h. 

The annual production based on the statistic estimate of 1,800 hours / year of solar radiation on the site is provided for 1,800 hours x 5.70 MW / h = 10,260 MWh / y. 


Consumption of pumps. = 4KW x 4 pumps x 8 hours x 365 days = 50 MW / y 

Consumption of mirror rotating system = 50 MW / y 

Consumption of preheating = 32KW / h x 5 min. x 365 days = 1 MW / y 


NET ANNUAL INCOME OF E / E = 10260-101 = 10,159 MW / y

designed by: "Ingegneria Impiantistica C.S.P, Studio  Tecnico  – M. Orsini di Roma"


We recommend this headset without plug ears, even more cool is that it uses your Red Bottom Shoes bones as a medium,UGG Boots Outlet it sounds cool! The liberation of the ears can also be avoided due to the ears are plugged due to traffic accidents UGG Outlet so that there Coach Outlet is no safety risk while North Face Outlet walking and listening to music.Kenzo It is a headphone,Oakley Outlet but its shape is a hat,Christian Louboutin Shoes but ZEROi is Moncler Jackets a magical hat that looks the same as an ordinary baseball cap,Burberry Outlet but the biggest feature is the use of Red Bottom Shoes bone-conduction soundtracks.
Tokyo Design Polo Outlet Week as the first Coach Outlet release of exhibits,Nike Air Max Pas Cher after two years of discussion, is now finally completed the formal commercialization. Prior to this only for Coach Outlet Store Online the legal person to provide the purchase permission,North Face Outlet the address is limited to Namibian,Isabel Marant Chiba Prefecture, Namibian companies hold the land. However, starting from November 3,Nike Air Presto MUJI's hut will be for sale to North Face Outlet ordinary consumers, and the location of the hutAir Jordan Pas Cher will be expanded to Tokyo in the Kanto region and nearby eight counties and districts, Ray Ban Sunglasses and the company continues to True Religion Outlet look for more ways to The North Face Jackets continue Construction of cottage land.Air Max 90 Not unlike the style of Kate Spade a house or a villa,Isabel Marant Shoes the No-lodge is in a different mood than the hotel Adidas Yeezy it was when it was on the move. It was just a reassuring home for a young Nike chaussures pas cher Japanese who rented homes for thousands of people. Asics Shoes Muji Officials explained,Coach Outlet Do not look at Bape Hoodie it the smallest of only about 9 square meters,Cheap Jordans but because of the use of the design of Coach Outlet the type of building,Philipp Plein even if three people in the house at the same time will not feel narrow.Louis Vuitton Outlet In addition,Swarovski Bracelet Indigo products have always been simple style,North Face Jackets indoor ground with cement, 100% of the other Burberry Scarf places using native wood,Coach Outlet the walls without Coach Purses any decoration,Adidas Outlet intended to Kate Spade Outlet give consumers a DIY space.Scarpe Nike Air Max Different styles of huts Louis Vuitton Outlet also prepared Different thermal and interior options.
This is also in Coach outlet line with the needs Christian Louboutin Shoes of current consumers.UGG Outlets Nowadays,Ray Ban Outlet young Japanese people think daily about being Sac Louis Vuitton really happy Burberry Outlet even when living in an apartment.Coach Factory Outlet They have to Adidas NMD constantly Christian Louboutin Outlet move for rent or have to resort to Kate Spade Outlet work transfer Yeezy Boost 350 v2 Re-investing Nike Hoodies energy to find Coach Outlet Online a home is a stressful life style for them, and it is also an urgent need to be addressed in the market.
People talk about the Kate Spade Outlet time of the Scarpe Nike Air Max Uomo island is static,Acheter Philipp Plein which is North Face Jackets relative to New Jordans their mood in the city under the tyranny of time. Nike Air Max Shoes In the city,Coach Outlet Online the easiest way to keep your time Coach Outlet anywhere is to install clocks Red Bottom Shoes and watches in public places,Red Bottom Shoes with the Tory Burch Outlet clocks staring North Face Outlet at the town from squares, schools,Burberry Outlet train stations and more.Scarpe Sportive Nike Air Max 2017 Even when it is quiet, people can notice the Louboutin Pas Cher passage of time.Red Bottom Shoes The Maldives has Ray Ban Sunglasses a huge advantage Nike Roshe Run Pas Cher throughout the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean,True Religion with high-quality sandy beach islands that can be reached in less than eight hours by Nike Air Max direct flight; comparable to Bali in Indonesia,Kate Spade Outlet but not only Guess Outlet with two different locations Island experience.North Face Outlet Bali is Michael Kors Handbags becoming Bali.The North Face Outlet Raffaele,G Star managing director Yeezy Boost 350 of the Grand Park Adidas Original Maldives hotel,Michael Kors said he had worked in Bali for a few years and witnessed Nike Air Max a shift from a modest island to Kate Spade Outlet a small business town.North Face Outlet There was an expressway Nike Air Max Pas Cher there but traffic jams were still there.Cheap NBA Jerseys Mauritius and Seychelles, the other two island Red Bottom Shoes countries in the Indian Ocean,Adidas Yeezy Boost 350 have more than 12 hours flight time.

Get the details of CSP plant construction and operational information via this professional looking website. Find out custom essay writing services online within your budget range.

PhD Thesis Writing Services, Dissertation Writing Services & Research Paper Writing Services, We serve students globally in all subjects,Provide completed solutions and online Guidance by PhD Holders.

10th results 2017, 12th results 2017, ssc results 2017, sslc results 2017, intermediate results 2017, hsc results 2017, 2017, cbseresults 2017, cbse 10th results 2017, cbse 12th results 2017, icse result 2017, cisce icse 10th class result 2017, cisce ics 10th class result 2017, 2017, ap ssc results 2017, ap inter results 2017, bseb result 2017, bihar board matric result 2017, bihar board 12th result 2017, cgbse result 2017, cgbse 10th result 2017, cg board 12th result 2017, gseb result 2017, gseb 10th result 2017, gujarat board hsc result 2017, goaresults 2017, goa board 10th results 2017, goa hssc results 2017, hbse result 2017, hbse 10th result 2017, hbse 12th results 2017, hpresults 2017, hp board 10th result 2017, hpbose 12th results 2017, 2017, jkbose 10th result 2017, jkbose higher secondary result 2017, jharresults 2017, jac 10th result 2017, jharkhand intermediate results 2017, karresults 2017, karnataka sslc result 2017, karnataka puc results 2017, keralaresults 2017, kerala sslc results 2017, kerala dhse plus 2 results 2017, mpresults 2017, mp board 10th result 2017, mp 12th result 2017, mahresult 2017, maharashtra ssc result 2017, maharashtra hsc result 2017, orissaresults 2017, odisha board hsc result 2017, orissa plus 2 result 2017, pseb result 2017, punjab board 10th result 2017, punjab board 12th result 2017, rajresults 2017, rajasthan 10th class results 2017, rajasthan 12th result 2017, tnresults 2017, tn sslc result 2017, tn hsc result 2017, upresults 2017, up board high school results 2017, up board intermediate results 2017, wbresults 2017, west bengal madhyamik result 2017, wb hs result 2017, telangana board results 2017, telangana sslc results 2017, telangana intermediate results 2017, cisce icse 10th class result 2017, cisce ics 10th class result 2017

All rights reserved © - Copyright 2011 - 2014 - by enmoveme