The second energy revolution of thermal insulation

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by Arcangelo Bimbo 

The first revolution was the European Directive 91 of 2002 enacted by Legislative Decree 311 of 29 December 2006, is the law ENERGETCA EFFICIENCY IN BUILDINGS:
• It sets out the design parameters for new buildings in order to obtain Energy Efficiency
• He introduced the Energy Certification
• He introduced (Annex I) the criteria for intervention on the existing buildings and obligations of efficentamento 

The 311 is the mother of the various provisions in the Regional Efficiency and tax relief of 55% and 65%.

The second revolution is the European Directive 2010/31/EU not yet implemented in Italia.Siamo already in penalty with possible referral to the European Court.
And 'the Directive that:
• MenbriUE obliges States to enact regulations that force by 2021 (not far away), to build all new buildings to nearly zero energy EEQZ
• Enforce the EU Member States to establish the parameters MINIMUM efficiency of existing buildings.
The first real passive house in Germany (1990/1991), Kranichsteiner [Darmstadt] Dr. Wolfgang Feist, but it is still easy to build one. 

 

Today, after years of experimentation, not perfect, it is possible to realize a real PASSIVE HOUSE fully functional and comfortable. Here are some examples:

New buildings, then EEQZ (Nearly Zero Energy Buildings to): What does this mean from the point of view of the housing? It will require transmittance values ​​"U" no more than half of what is now prescribed in the various climatic zones.

To obtain values ​​of transmittance "U" for extremely low level will increase further the use of systems COAT.
Here are some examples:
Cogoleto (GE) House PassivaTermoK8 ® LV 2009Certificata year KlimaHouse, opaque vertical walls U 0.12 W / m ° K obtained with termolaterizio Termok8 25 and 27 cm:

Mariano Comense (CO) Passive House TermoK8 ® Classic 2009Certificata KlimaHouse year; opaque vertical walls U 0.10 W / m ° K (verified) obtained with termolaterizio Termok8 of 30 and 28 cm:

INSULATION DELL'INTERRATO

Construction systems and insulators used for the vertical walls opaque:

SUMMARY DATA thermal transmittance of opaque surfaces.
Separation of transmittance of opaque surfaces vertical and horizontal inside the building, you can see how the values ​​are well below the limits of the law, and are comparable basis, this is the element that is able to guarantee excellent warmth to 'inside the house.
EXTERIOR WALL INSULATION A K8: 0.10 W / m² K
EXTERIOR WALL WALL FAN: 0.11 W / m² K
EXTERIOR WALL UNDERGROUND: 0.14 W / m² K
EXTERIOR FLOOR COVERING: 0.11 W / m² K
FLOOR TO GARAGE: 0.10 W / m² K
EXTERIOR WALL TO UNDERGROUND GARAGE: 0.11 W / m² K
EXTERIOR WALL UNDERGROUND controterra: 0.14 W / m² K
BASEMENT FLOOR TO SIDEWALK: 0.18 W / m² K
FLOOR TO CRAWL SPACE: 0.13 W / m² K 

To obtain values ​​of transmittance "U" around 10/11 W / m ° K requires large thicknesses of insulation. 

With the use of more insulation performance such as Expandable Polystyrene NEOPOR ®

The redevelopment of the existing will be the only real driving force for the recovery of many building sectors.
So in 2001 have been recorded in Italy 21,600,000 existing homes. Today (unofficial data of the 2011 census) the houses are little more than 22,500,000. But given even more important for our considerations, approximately 53% (ISTAT always given) of these homes has never made extraordinary maintenance.
This means that taking into account only 53% of the existing buildings (those who have never done extraordinary maintenance) in Italy there are about 11,500,000 homes that have more than 30 years and have never done maintenance of the facades. I'm definitely in the energy class bad.
They are an asset that is losing value every day in the market (because it is confronted with new more energy-valid):
► They are a source of energy losses are no longer sustainable
► They are the main source (in the winter) the rate of air pollution (65 million tons of CO2 per year just for this 53%).

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Today, after years of experimentation, not perfect, it is possible to realize a real PASSIVE HOUSE fully functional and comfortable. Here are some examples:
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